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Emergency Department Assessment of Chest Pain Score (EDACS)

Identifies chest pain patients with low risk of major adverse cardiac event.

This score only applies to patients: (1) ≥18 years old with normal vital signs; (2) Chest pain consistent with ACS; (3) No ongoing chest pain or crescendo angina
years
Symptoms and Signs

Advice

Barring other concerning features for acute coronary syndrome or other life-threatening causes of chest pain (pneumothorax, pulmonary embolism, cardiac tamponade, aortic dissection, esophageal rupture, etc.), patients that meet the low-risk criteria can be considered for discharge with close follow-up with their primary care physician after negative 0h and 2h troponin testing.

Patients who do not meet the low-risk criteria should be ruled-out for myocardial infarction with serial EKGs and biomarkers and risk stratified as per normal chest pain guidelines and protocols.

Management

  • For low-risk patients: consider other causes of chest pain due to aortic, esophageal, pulmonary, cardiac, and abdominal, and muskuloskeletal sources prior to discharge.
  • For non-low-risk patients: Treat as per usual chest pain protocols, including but not limited to consideration of aspirin, nitroglycerin, and serial EKGs and biomarkers at minimum.

Critical Actions

Low Risk: Patient safe for discharge to early outpatient follow-up investigation (or proceed to earlier inpatient testing).

Not Low Risk: Proceed with usual care with further observation and delayed troponin.