Use the TNM system once breast cancer diagnosis is biopsy confirmed.
Staging based on multiple factors including:
- Primary Tumor (T) characteristics
- Regional lymph nodes (N)
- Distant metastasis (M)
Facts & Figures
|IV||Any T||Any N||M1|
Original/Primary ReferenceTheriault RL, Carlson RW, Allred C, et al. Breast Cancer, Version 3.2013: Featured Updates to the NCCN Guidelines. Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN. 2013;11(7):753-761.
About the Creator
Richard Theriault, DO, is a professor in the breast medical oncology and critical care departments at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. He also is a trainer for the Tokyo-based Japanese TeamOncology Leadership Academy and J-HOPE Clinical Research Skill Advancement Workshop. Dr. Theriault has led multiple breast cancer research efforts and published over 180 peer reviewed articles, numerous book chapters and teaching publications.
To view Dr. Richard Theriault's publications, visit PubMed