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Gail Model for Breast Cancer Risk

Estimates risk for breast cancer based on demographic and clinical data.

The Gail Model is for use in women with no history of breast cancer, DCIS or LCIS. Other tools may be more appropriate for women with known mutations in BRCA1, BRCA2, or other hereditary syndromes associated with breast cancer. See the About section for more information.

years
About the Creator
Dr. Mitchell Gail
Content Contributors
  • Akiko Chiba, MD

Advice

Patients who have an increased risk of developing breast cancer, defined as calculated 5 year risk >1.7%, are candidates for chemoprevention (such as tamoxifen).

Critical Actions

Patients with elevated breast cancer risk (>1.7%) should be referred to a breast surgeon to discuss possible risk reduction interventions.

Content Contributors
  • Akiko Chiba, MD