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    Patent Pending

    Los Angeles Motor Scale (LAMS)

    Stratifies stroke severity in the field.
    When to Use
    Pearls/Pitfalls
    Why Use

    Use in a prehospital (i.e., by EMS providers) or triage setting for patients with stroke symptoms.

    • The LAMS is a validated 3-item prehospital scoring tool derived from the motor exam components of the Los Angeles Prehospital Stroke Screen (LAPSS). It was designed to rapidly quantify stroke severity in the prehospital setting.
    • LAMS 4 has a sensitivity of 81% and specificity of 89% for predicting large vessel occlusion (LVO).
    • Although other scores such as the NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale (CPSS), Rapid Arterial oCclusion Evaluation (RACE) Scale, and the full Los Angeles Prehospital Stroke Screen (LAPSS) are more comprehensive, the LAMS is a much simpler assessment tool that takes only 20-30 seconds to complete, making it well-suited for prehospital or triage settings.
    • Correlates strongly with the full NIHSS (gold standard) and predicts long-term functional outcomes following stroke events.
    • Rapid access to time-sensitive interventions such as thrombolysis and endovascular therapy (EVT) for eligible patients is directly linked with improved long-term neurological outcomes for stroke patients.
    • Early recognition of severe strokes (LAMS 4) by prehospital providers in the field shortens time to definitive diagnosis and treatment.
    • Simple, reproducible, and rapid way to identify severe strokes in the prehospital setting.
    Absent
    0
    Present
    +1
    Absent
    0
    Drifts down
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    Falls rapidly
    +2
    Normal
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    Weak grip
    +1
    No grip
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    Result:

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    Next Steps
    Evidence
    Creator Insights
    Dr. Jeffrey Saver

    About the Creator

    Jeffrey Saver, MD, is a professor of clinical neurology at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is also the director of the UCLA Stroke Unit and has published over 530 peer-reviewed articles. Dr. Saver’s research interests include stroke prevention, diagnosis, and treatment, as well as outcomes after stroke.

    To view Dr. Jeffrey Saver's publications, visit PubMed

    Are you Dr. Jeffrey Saver? Send us a message to review your photo and bio, and find out how to submit Creator Insights!
    MDCalc loves calculator creators – researchers who, through intelligent and often complex methods, discover tools that describe scientific facts that can then be applied in practice. These are real scientific discoveries about the nature of the human body, which can be invaluable to physicians taking care of patients.
    Content Contributors
    • Katie Lin, MD
    Reviewed By
    • Michael Hill, MD
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    About the Creator
    Dr. Jeffrey Saver
    Are you Dr. Jeffrey Saver?
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    Content Contributors
    • Katie Lin, MD
    Reviewed By
    • Michael Hill, MD