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    Patent Pending

    Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for Schizophrenia

    Measures the prevalence of positive and negative syndromes in schizophrenia.
    When to Use

    Do you use the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for Schizophrenia and want to contribute your expertise? Join our contributor team!

    Positive Scale

    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7

    Negative Scale

    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7

    General Psychopathology Scale

    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7
    Absent
    +1
    Minimal
    +2
    Mild
    +3
    Moderate
    +4
    Moderate-severe
    +5
    Severe
    +6
    Extreme
    +7

    Result:

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    Next Steps
    Evidence
    Creator Insights
    Dr. Stanley R. Kay

    About the Creator

    Stanley R. Kay, PhD, (d. 1990) was a research psychologist at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in the Bronx, New York. He was chief of the schizophrenia research program in the Department of Psychiatry at the medical school and director of physiological research at the Bronx Psychiatric Center. Dr. Kay’s primary research focused on schizophrenia with special emphasis on phenomenological and therapeutic studies.

    To view Dr. Stanley R. Kay's publications, visit PubMed

    Are you Dr. Stanley R. Kay? Send us a message to review your photo and bio, and find out how to submit Creator Insights!
    MDCalc loves calculator creators – researchers who, through intelligent and often complex methods, discover tools that describe scientific facts that can then be applied in practice. These are real scientific discoveries about the nature of the human body, which can be invaluable to physicians taking care of patients.
    About the Creator
    Dr. Stanley R. Kay
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