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    Patent Pending

    FINDRISC (Finnish Diabetes Risk Score)

    Identifies patients at high risk for type 2 diabetes.
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    When to Use

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    Female
    Male
    <45
    0
    45-54
    +2
    55-64
    +3
    >64
    +4
    <25
    0
    >25 to 30
    +1
    >30
    +3
    No
    0
    Yes
    +2
    No
    0
    Yes
    +5
    ≥4 hr/week
    0
    <4 hr/week
    +2
    No
    +1
    Yes
    0
    No
    0
    Yes, 2nd degree relative
    +3
    Yes, 1st degree relative
    +5

    Result:

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    Next Steps
    Evidence
    Creator Insights

    Advice

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    Formula

    Addition of the selected points:

     

    Points

     

    0

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    Age, years

    <45

    --

    45-54

    55-64

    64

    --

    BMI, kg/m²

    <25

    >25 to 30

    --

    >30

    --

    --

    Waist circumference

     

    Men:

    <94 cm (37 in)

       

    94 to <102 cm (37 to <40 in)

    ≥102 cm (≥40 in)

     

    Women:







    <80 cm (31 in)

    --

    --

    80 to <88 cm (31 to <35 in)

    ≥88 cm (≥35 in)

    --

    Use of blood pressure medication

    No

    --

    Yes

    --

    --

    --

    History of high blood glucose

    No

    --

    --

    --

    --

    Yes

    Physical activity <4 hr/week

    No

    --

    Yes

    --

    --

    --

    Daily consumption of vegetables, fruits, or berries

    Yes

    No

    --

    --

    --

    --

    Family history of diabetes

    No

    --

    --

    Yes, 2nd degree relative

    --

    Yes, 1st degree relative

     

    Facts & Figures

    Interpretation:

    FINDRISC

    Risk

    10-year risk of developing T2DM

    Men

    Women

    0-3

    Very low

    0.3%

    0.1%

    4-8

    Low

    0.8%

    0.4%

    9-12

    Moderate

    2.6%

    2.2%

    13-20

    High

    23.1%

    14.1%

    >21

    Very high

    ~50%*

    ~50%*

    *From Lindström 2010.

    Literature

    Dr. Jaana Lindström

    About the Creator

    Jaana Lindström, PhD, MSC, is a researcher in the department of chronic disease prevention at the National Public Health Institute in Helsinki, Finland. Her research interests are centered around the prevention and prediction of diabetes. She has also published on nutrition and obesity.

    To view Dr. Jaana Lindström's publications, visit PubMed

    Dr. Jaakko Tuomilehto

    About the Creator

    Jaakko Tuomilehto, MD, MA, PhD, FRCP, is chief scientific officer of Dasman Diabetes Institute in Kuwait City, Kuwait. He was previously professor emeritus of public health at the University of Helsinki in Finland and professor of vascular prevention at Danube-University Krems in Austria. Dr. Tuomilehto's research interests include epidemiology and prevention of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cancer, dementia, and cardiovascular disease.

    To view Dr. Jaakko Tuomilehto's publications, visit PubMed