Patients with depression should be provided with further resources and potentially referred to psychiatry, as well as be screened for emergency psychiatric conditions like suicidal ideation or psychosis.
Addition of the selected points as above. For more information, click here.
+5= All the time
+4= Most of the time
+3= Slightly more than half the time
+2= Slightly less than half the time
+1= Some of the time
0= At no time
Facts & Figures
Symptoms are rated based on how the patient has been feeling over the past two weeks.
The diagnostic demarcation line indicates at which point a symptom is severe enough to be used in the DSM-IV diagnostic algorithm of major depression.
The first three symptoms (mood, interest and fatigue) should have been present at least “most of the time” during the past two weeks, while other symptoms should have been present during “more than half of the time” during the period for diagnosis of major depression.
For symptoms 4 and 5 (guilt), only the highest score should be used, as they pertain to the same diagnostic criteria for depression in DSM-IV.
For symptoms 8a and 8b (psychomotor changes), only the highest score should be used, as they pertain to the same diagnostic criteria for depression in DSM-IV.
For symptoms 10a and 10b (weight/appetite), only the highest score should be used, as they pertain to the same diagnostic criteria for depression in DSM-IV.
Major depression is diagnosed if ≥5 of the 9 symptoms (items 4 and 5 combined) have been present in the past two weeks and if symptom 1 or 2 are included in these 5 symptoms.
Per the DSM-IV, the 9 diagnostic criteria for Major Depression are (in the order they appear above):
Per Bech, MD, trained in psychiatry at the University of Copenhagen. He is an active lecturer and researcher in psychiatry and psychometrics. He was recently appointed Professor of Applied Psychometrics at the University of Copenhagen. He has won many awards both within Denmark and abroad for his research and prowess within the field.