Calc Function

    • Calcs that help predict probability of a diseaseDiagnosis
    • Subcategory of 'Diagnosis' designed to be very sensitiveRule Out
    • Disease is diagnosed: prognosticate to guide treatmentPrognosis
    • Numerical inputs and outputsFormula
    • Med treatment and moreTreatment
    • Suggested protocolsAlgorithm

    Disease

    Select...

    Specialty

    Select...

    Chief Complaint

    Select...

    Organ System

    Select...

    Patent Pending

    Modified NIH Stroke Scale/Score (mNIHSS)

    Shortened, validated version of the NIHSS.
    Favorite

    INSTRUCTIONS

    Note: numbering scheme is intentional and reflects differences from the original NIHSS (i.e., 1A, 7 and 10 are eliminated, and 3 and 4 are combined).

    When to Use
    Pearls/Pitfalls
    Why Use

    The mNIHSS can help physicians quantify the severity of a stroke in the acute setting.

    The Modified National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (mNIHSS) was designed to eliminate the parts of the NIHSS that had poor interrater reliability while maintaining the original score’s utility in assessing stroke severity.

    • Lower is better; increasing mNIHSS scores are correlated with more severe strokes and worsened clinical outcomes.
    • The mNIHSS performs as well as the original score in predicting patients at high risk of hemorrhage if given tPA and which patients are likely to have good clinical outcomes.
    • The mNIHSS has superior interrater reliability (<90%) compared to the original NIHSS (~66%).
    • The mNIHSS is more reliable in multiple settings, including calculating scores from medical records, when used via telemedicine, and when used in clinical trials.

    Points to keep in mind:

    • Currently, the mNIHSS is used much less frequently than the NIHSS in both the clinical setting and in trials.
    • Many guidelines make reference to the NIHSS rather than the mNIHSS, including those making recommendations concerning tPA administration.
    • The NIHSS only takes an average of 6 minutes to complete, so some who question the clinical utility of altering a well-validated and widely used scale.

    There are nearly 800,000 cases of acute stroke in the United States every year, with 130,000 associated deaths (4th leading cause of death in Americans).

    The mNIHSS can help physicians determine the severity of a stroke, predict clinical outcomes and can help guide management.

    The mNIHSS has the same correlation with clinical outcomes as the NIHSS but with better interrater reliability.

    Both questions correct
    0
    1 question correct
    +1
    0 questions correct
    +2
    Both tasks correct
    0
    1 task correct
    +1
    0 tasks correct
    +2
    Normal
    0
    Partial gaze palsy
    +1
    Total gaze palsy
    +2
    No visual loss
    0
    Partial hemianopia
    +1
    Complete hemianopia
    +2
    Bilateral hemianopia
    +3
    No drift
    0
    Drift before 10 seconds
    +1
    Falls before 10 seconds
    +2
    No effort against gravity
    +3
    No movement
    +4
    No drift
    0
    Drift before 10 seconds
    +1
    Falls before 10 seconds
    +2
    No effort against gravity
    +3
    No movement
    +4
    No drift
    0
    Drift before 5 seconds
    +1
    Falls before 5 seconds
    +2
    No effort against gravity
    +3
    No movement
    +4
    No drift
    0
    Drift before 5 seconds
    +1
    Falls before 5 seconds
    +2
    No effort against gravity
    +3
    No movement
    +4
    Normal; no sensory loss
    0
    Abnormal; sensory loss
    +1
    Normal; no aphasia
    0
    Mild aphasia
    +1
    Severe aphasia
    +2
    Mute/global aphasia
    +3
    Normal
    0
    Mild
    +1
    Severe
    +2

    Result:

    Please fill out required fields.

    Next Steps
    Evidence
    Creator Insights

    Management

    In patients who present with symptoms concerning for ischemic stroke:

    • Consult Neurology immediately (if available) for all patients presenting with ischemic stroke.
    • Evaluate whether the patient is a potential candidate to receive intravenous thrombolysis (tPA).
    • Determine the onset of stroke symptoms (or time patient last felt or was observed normal).
    • Consider further imaging including CT, CT angiography and MRI/MRA to evaluate for hemorrhagic stroke.
    • In appropriate circumstances and in consultation with both neurology and the patient, consider IV thrombolysis for ischemic strokes in patients with no contraindications.
    • Always consider stroke mimics in the differential diagnosis, especially in cases with atypical features (age, risk factors, history, physical exam), including:
      • Recrudescence of old stroke from metabolic or infectious stress;
      • Todd’s paralysis after seizure;
      • Complex migraine;
      • Pseudoseizure, conversion disorder.

    Critical Actions

    • The mNIHSS performs as well as the NIHSS in predicting clinical outcomes, but it is important to recognize that individual cases will vary and that management decisions must be made in consultation with the patient whenever possible.
    • Whenever possible, patients with acute stroke should be transferred to a stroke center for their initial evaluation and treatment, as the holistic care (medical optimization, early initiation of PT and OT, patient and family education and discharge planning) is associated with improved clinical outcomes.
    Content Contributors
    About the Creator
    Dr. Patrick D. Lyden
    Are you Dr. Patrick D. Lyden?
    Content Contributors