Patients in critical care settings for whom pain assessment is ongoing.
The Nonverbal Pain Scale (NVPS) allows for standardized pain assessment in intubated and other nonverbal patients.
Parameters include ventilator synchrony, which is helpful in intubated patients.
Nonverbal patients express pain variably, making a standardized, accurate tool helpful in the evaluation of pain. Pain can be a cause of abnormal vital signs in the ICU setting, and using a quantitative tool can help confirm or refute this hypothesis.