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    Chief Complaint


    Organ System


    Patent Pending

    Bristol Stool Form Scale

    Classifies stool (correlates with intestinal transit time).
    When to Use

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    Separate hard lumps, like nuts (hard to pass)
    Sausage-shaped but lumpy
    Like a sausage but with cracks on its surface
    Like a sausage or snake, smooth and soft
    Soft blobs with clear-cut edges (passed easily)
    Fluffy pieces with ragged edges, a mushy stool
    Watery, no solid pieces, entirely liquid

    Diagnostic Result:

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    Creator Insights
    Dr. Stephen J. Lewis

    About the Creator

    Stephen J. Lewis, MD, MB ChB (Aber), BSc(Hons), FRCP, is a gastroenterologist at Derriford Hospital in Plymouth, United Kingdom and an affiliate of the Bristol Nutrition Biomedical Research Unit in Bristol. He trained in infectious diseases at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases in London and worked with medical charities in West Africa. Dr. Lewis’ primary research interests include perioperative nutrition, infectious disease, irritable bowel syndrome, malabsorption, and intestinal infections.

    To view Dr. Stephen J. Lewis's publications, visit PubMed

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    MDCalc loves calculator creators – researchers who, through intelligent and often complex methods, discover tools that describe scientific facts that can then be applied in practice. These are real scientific discoveries about the nature of the human body, which can be invaluable to physicians taking care of patients.
    About the Creator
    Dr. Stephen J. Lewis
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