This is an unprecedented time. It is the dedication of healthcare workers that will lead us through this crisis. Thank you for everything you do.

      Calc Function

    • Calcs that help predict probability of a diseaseDiagnosis
    • Subcategory of 'Diagnosis' designed to be very sensitiveRule Out
    • Disease is diagnosed: prognosticate to guide treatmentPrognosis
    • Numerical inputs and outputsFormula
    • Med treatment and moreTreatment
    • Suggested protocolsAlgorithm





    Chief Complaint


    Organ System


    Patent Pending

    ACEF II Risk Score for Cardiac Surgery

    Predicts 30-day mortality after elective or emergency cardiac surgery.
    When to Use

    Do you use the ACEF II Risk Score and want to contribute your expertise? Join our contributor team!

    ≤2.0 mg/dL (177 µmol/L)
    >2.0 mg/dL (177 µmol/L)


    Please fill out required fields.

    Next Steps
    Creator Insights
    Dr. Marco Ranucci

    About the Creator

    Marco Ranucci, MD, FESC, is an anesthesiologist at IRCCS Policlinico San Donato in Milan, Italy. He is also the director of clinical research for cardiothoracic and vascular anaesthesia at the IRCCS Policlinico San Donato. Dr. Ranucci’s research interests include cardiothoracic and critical care anaesthesia.

    To view Dr. Marco Ranucci's publications, visit PubMed

    Are you Dr. Marco Ranucci? Send us a message to review your photo and bio, and find out how to submit Creator Insights!
    MDCalc loves calculator creators – researchers who, through intelligent and often complex methods, discover tools that describe scientific facts that can then be applied in practice. These are real scientific discoveries about the nature of the human body, which can be invaluable to physicians taking care of patients.
    About the Creator
    Dr. Marco Ranucci
    Are you Dr. Marco Ranucci?