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    Chief Complaint


    Organ System


    Patent Pending

    Behavioral Observational Pain Scale (BOPS) for Post-Op Pediatric Pain

    Quantifies post-operative pain for children aged 1-7 years.


    This pain scale is for use in patients 1-7 years old.

    One can also use the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Pain Scale (CHEOPS) for Post-Op Pediatric Pain as an alternative to the BOPS.
    When to Use

    Children after undergoing surgery.

    Allows for simple, quick pain assessment in children 1-7 years old after surgery.

    Neutral/positive facial expression, composed, calm
    Negative facial expression, concerned
    Negative facial expression, grimace, distorted face
    Normal conversation, laugh, crow
    Completely quiet, sobbing and/or complaining but not because of pain
    Crying, screaming and/or complaining about pain
    Inactive, laying, relaxed with all extremities or sitting, walking
    Restless movements, shifting fashion and/or touching wound or wound area
    Lying rigid and/or drawn up with arms and legs to the body


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    Creator Insights
    Dr. Kanwaljeet J. S. Anand

    About the Creator

    Kanwaljeet J. S. Anand, MBBS, PhD, is a professor of pediatrics, anesthesiology, and perioperative and pain medicine at Stanford University in California. Previously, he was a professor of medicine in the department of pediatrics at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center. Dr. Anand’s primary research focuses on pain management and treatment disorders, specifically in pediatric patients.

    To view Dr. Kanwaljeet J. S. Anand's publications, visit PubMed

    Are you Dr. Kanwaljeet J. S. Anand? Send us a message to review your photo and bio, and find out how to submit Creator Insights!
    MDCalc loves calculator creators – researchers who, through intelligent and often complex methods, discover tools that describe scientific facts that can then be applied in practice. These are real scientific discoveries about the nature of the human body, which can be invaluable to physicians taking care of patients.
    About the Creator
    Dr. Kanwaljeet J. S. Anand
    Are you Dr. Kanwaljeet J. S. Anand?